Your engine can make some strange noises. And it shouldn’t come as a surprise. But when you hear a ticking noise while your engine is idling, should you worry? And if it does tick, what would cause it? In this article, we’re going to talk about the potential mechanical issues you may have if your engine begins to tick.
When a problem exists, the first question you always ask is why is it happening?
If your engine is making a ticking noise, there’s a good chance that one of your reciprocating components might be having an issue. This means you can rule out any of your rotating components like your bearings or accessories.
That’s because it will make more or a whirring or whining noise if something is wrong with it. Your reciprocating components consist of your pistons, rods, pushrods, and valves. These are your components that will make those ticking, clicking and ratchet-type sounds.
The exact cause can only be determined by a mechanic. However, one of the following issues may be the reason why your engine is ticking:
A low oil level can cause a ticking noise in your engine because the valvetrain components are not properly lubricated. If you hear a tick, check your oil immediately.
If you have a low oil level, then you’ll need to put motor oil in your vehicle. However, you shouldn’t settle for just any ordinary motor oil. The type of motor oil, be it conventional or synthetic, depends on the vehicle you may have.
If your vehicle has a high tech engine, get a full synthetic oil. If your vehicle’s odometer is north of 75,000 miles, then you should choose a motor oil that is designed for high mileage.
A noisy valve train is one of the common causes of an engine ticking. Your valves are suppose to open and close every two times your engine spins around. With an overhead cam engine, the camshaft lobes depress the valves.
In single cam engines, the cam actuates the push rods that open the valves by moving what is called a rocker arm. The distance from the cam or pushrod needs to the valve needs to be precise because your valves move very quickly and at short distances. The distances are controlled by shims or other adjustments.
When normal wear occurs, the distances can be moved out of tolerance. You can usually hear a ticking noise if there is excessive play in these components. This clearance can be removed by either replacing the shims or adjusting the rocker arm.
A rod knock happens when your engine ticks along with the engine RPM and the ticking sounds slow down. A rod knock can be caused by a bad bearing in your connecting rod. As it wears out, the bearing will allow movement and play a tapping or clunking sound depending on how badly worn it may be. The sound of the rod knock will change when the RPM changes, but it won’t change with engine load or temperature. The only cure for a rod knock is rebuilding the motor itself.
Pre-ignition produces carbon buildup that sticks on the inner wall of the combustion chamber. These build-ups will take up space in the and will make the engine work overtime. Because it takes up space that is crucial for mixing air and fuel, this will cause incomplete combustion and will end up causing a ticking sound.
Spark plugs are responsible for being the ignition source so that the air/fuel mixture ignites properly. The spark should be produced at a precise time to get the most complete and efficient burn. So, if you got low-quality spark plugs or spark plugs that are not compatible with your engine, you won’t get you the desired spark at the desired time, resulting in incomplete combustion and knocking sounds.
Newer engine management systems can easily detect engine knocks using the knock sensor, which notices uneven firing and reports it to the ECU. The ECU will then advance or retard the spark to try and resolve the issue. However, if this sensor is not working properly, you will end up having an increasing knocking sound in your engine without any way to control it.
The reasons mentioned above are due to issues that can easily be resolved, but there are other ways ticking sounds can happen while your engine is running. Many drivers reported that sometimes they hear a high ticking sound coming from the upper part of the engine. This usually happens when they start their while its old outside or if they have not started the vehicle in a while.
When automotive engineers dug deeper into this issue, they found that the oil, which is crucial for lubricating moving parts and preventing metal on metal contact, takes sometime before it can reach the cylinder head to lubricate the valve heads and rocker arms that are responsible for the movement of the valves. So, before the oil reaches these parts and lubricates them, you may hear a slight ticking sound coming from the upper part of the engine which will disappear after a short period of time.
Due to bad lubrication and/or low oil pressure, the surface of the bearings can get damaged, which in turn damages the crankshaft itself. This issue will give off some pinging and thumping sounds while the engine is running.
Cars that are equipped with a timing chain instead of a belt, use a hydraulic tensioner is meant to keep the chains tight. These chains ride against plastic chain guide and over time the guides begin to wear producing a rattle and pinging noise that will increase over time.
Finally, the tick in your engine just might be a normal thing. It can be based on how the engine is designed or it can be associated with the typical wear. However, there’s a difference between what makes an engine tick normal and what is considered a problem.
The tick may be a normal thing if you have a fuel injected car. That could be the sound of your injectors firing off. Your fuel injectors are small valves that quickly open and close allowing fuel to be injected with the air your engine is bringing in.
If you have a vehicle like a Subaru, your vehicle will have these types of injectors that you can actually hear while your car is sitting at idle. The sound may be equivalent to a pencil tapping hard on a desk.
One tick can be caused by an exhaust manifold leak. If you hear a ticking noise, it could be that high pressure exhaust is escaping a crack that has formed in the manifold. Or there could be a leak in the gasket when the engine is at idle or at a low RPM. While the tick is not dangerous for your vehicle, the smart thing to do would be to get it fixed as soon as possible. This way, the exhaust gases should stay where they are supposed to.
The short answer: it depends. If you know that your vehicle has fuel injectors, odds are that the tick in your engine is perfectly normal. If you have no clue if your vehicle has them, it takes a little bit of digging online to figure out what some of your vehicle’s inner workings consist of. When in doubt, you can always consult a mechanic. They will have a better idea of how an engine of certain vehicles should sound.
If there is indeed an issue with your engine, it should be taken care of immediately. A mechanic will diagnose any potential problems such as checking the valve trains or the rocker arm to see if it’s properly working. If you haven’t checked the oil, they might do so to determine if a low oil level is the culprit.
Knocking canseverely affect the engine because, as we mentioned above, it makes many micro explosions that can leave small holes on the inner walls of the combustion chamber, all of which will deform and change its shape. Over time, this can cause the engine block to fail due to erosion. Another side effect is that it overheats the spark plug points, making them weaker over time.
If the ticking sound came comes from the cylinder head, it is most likely the valves that have got worn due to faulty lifters.
If you have worn-out crankshaft bearings, immediate action must be taken. If you continue running the engine with this issue, catastrophic engine failure is in the foreseeable future.
Fixing ticking/knocking sounds starts by getting to the root of the issue. Knocking due to lower octane fuel can be resolved by simply putting in the recommended. If it is due to improper spark plugs; new ones compatible with your engine will need to be installed along with getting a good carbon clean to ensure no residue is left behind on the cylinder walls.
If you noticed that the ticking sound is coming from the cylinder head, you should switch to a lower viscosity oil to make sure it can reach the upper part of the engine quicker. This is the easiest way to prevent top end damage to your engine.
Now, if the noise is coming from the bottom end of the engine, this means that the crankshaft bearings are on their way out and the oil pan will have to be removed to get a closer look. If this in fact is the issue, get them replaced by a qualified mechanic as soon as possible to avoid any further damage.
Finally, if you notice that the ticking sound coming from the front or the back of the engine, it might be a good indication that the timing chain guides are about to fail. Get the timing chain checked and change what is needed in order to get many more trouble free miles from your beloved car.
A ticking noise in your engine can be normal. That of course depends on the engine itself. If you do hear a ticking and you’re not sure what exactly could be the cause, do not hesitate to get it looked at. Sometimes, the diagnosis may yield that it might be not at bad as you think.